Autoregressive Cross-lagged Effects Between the Experience of Bullying and Victimization : Multigroup Analysis by Gender
Jisu Park | Department of Child Psychology & Education, Sungkyunkwan University
Yoonsun Han | Department of Child Psychology & Education, Sungkyunkwan University
The purpose of this study was to identify the persistent and dynamic association between bullying and victimization. Gender differences in patterns of school bullying was hypothesized based on the literature. Analysis were based on waves 3-6 of the Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey, a nationally representative data of primary and secondary school students in South Korea (N = 1,881). Autoregressive cross-lagged model was employed to identify the reciprocal association between bullying and victimization in longitudinal data. As hypothesized, regardless of gender, lagged effects were statistically significant between each time points such that current bullying caused future bullying and current victimization led to future victimization. However, there was no cross-lagged effects of current victimization on future bullying nor current perpetration on future victimization for both male and female youth. Findings from this study may have implications for designing policies against school bulling. Not only is short-term intervention for handling immediate psycho-social maladjustment important, but so are long-term plans that prevent youth from falling into continued perpetration and victimization in the system of school bullying.
Key words : School Violence, Bully, Victim, Bully-victim, Autoregressive Cross-Lagged Model.
THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF CULTURE AND SOCIAL ISSUES 24(1), 2018.2, 1-27