Full title: Factors influencing resubstantiation of child neglect in South
Korea: A comparison with other maltreatment cases
Sewon Kim | Department of Social Welfare, Catholic Kwandong University
Joan P. Yoo | Department of Social Welfare, Seoul National University
Meejung Chin | Department of Child Development and Family Studies, Seoul National University
Hwa Jung Jang | National Child Protection Agency
Hyun‐Soo Kim | Graduate School of Education, Hanyang University
Sang‐Gyun Lee | Department of Social Welfare, Catholic University of Korea
Bong Joo Lee | Department of Social Welfare, Seoul National University
While a high prevalence of child neglect cases has been reported by Child Protective Services (CPS) in Western countries, child neglect cases reported to South Korea's Child Protection Agency (CPA) present different trends than those in Western countries. Nevertheless, child neglect is an understudied area within child welfare. Thus, a need exists to investigate the unique characteristics of child neglect cases substantiated by the CPA in Korea. This study investigates the unique characteristics of child neglect cases and examines how factors associated with the resubstantiation of these cases differ from those of other maltreatment cases. Using CPA administrative data, we employed a multilevel discrete‐time hazard analysis to analyze the risk and protective factors associated with the resubstantiation of child neglect cases and compared the results with other maltreatment cases. In both cases, younger children, perpetrators with alcohol problems, families receiving welfare, and months of agency operation were associated with resubstantiation. For child neglect cases, the provision of child and parent services, and CPAs located in metropolitan area were protective factors that reduced the risk of resubstantiation. The finding in this study highlights the need to expand the provision of services to child neglect cases to prevent resubstantiation.
K E Y W O R D S
child neglect, multilevel discrete‐time hazard analysis, resubstantiation, risk and protective
Asian Soc Work Pol Rev. 2019;13:100–116.