Moderating Role of Highly-Concentrated Multicultural Neighborhoods in the Relationship between Individual Family Factors and Multicultural Acceptability
Yoonsun Han, Bukyung Kim, Suah Jeon
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify individual and family factors associated with multicultural acceptability among non-multicultural adolescents. The moderating role of residing in neighborhoods with high concentration of multicultural families in the relationship between individual ·family environment and multicultural acceptability was also examined. Data from Wave 2 of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey(KCYPS), which contained information of students from 5th grade of elementary school and 2nd grade of middle school, were used for analysis. The individual-level data from KCYPS was merged with regional-level data from the Korean Census to identify information about neighborhood characteristics. Results from multilevel linear regression models with random intercepts indicated that gender, grade, and parental education had a statistically significant association with youth‘s multicultural acceptability. In terms of interaction effects, we found that living in highly-concentrated multicultural neighborhoods moderated the relationship between youth’s gender and multicultural acceptability. Based on these results, policy and practice implications for improving multicultural acceptability among non-multicultural adolescents were discussed.
Key words: multicultural acceptability, multicultural contact, multicultural education, Korean Child and Youth Panel Study
Korean Journal of Youth Studies 21(12), 2014.12, 97-125(29 pages)