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Neighborhood predictors of bullying perpetration and victimization trajectories among...

Full title: Neighborhood predictors of bullying perpetration and victimization trajectories

among South Korean adolescents


Yoonsun Han | Department of Social Welfare, Seoul National University

Hayoung Kim | Youth Career Development Center, National Youth Policy Institute

Julie Ma | Department of Social Work, University of Michigan‐Flint

Juyoung Song | Administration of Justice, Pennsylvania State University

Hyunhee Hong | Department of Child Psychology and Education, Sungkyunkwan University


Abstract

Aims: This study examined latent trajectories of bullying perpetration and victimization, and identified neighborhood antecedents of these trajectories among South Korean

adolescents.

Methods: Nationally representative individual‐level data from waves 2 to 6 (middle school to high school) of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey were merged with neighborhood‐ level data drawn from the Korean Census and the Korean Ministry of Education. Latent class growth analysis (N = 2,178) and logistic regression were conducted (N=2,021).

Results: Three unique trajectories of bullying experience— low‐risk (80.8%), transient (13.3%), high‐risk (5.9%)—were identified. Neighborhood factors (e.g., public assistance

receipt, marital status, official bullying incidents, collective efficacy) predicted these distinct developmental paths.

Conclusion: Joint trajectories of perpetration and victimization can inform service or policy decisions as each developmental path may represent unique experiences for youth in need of specific resources for treatment or intervention. Neighborhood indicators are important predictors of developmental trajectories of bullying experience among adolescents.


KEYWORDS

adolescent well‐being, bullying, latent class growth analysis, logistic regression, neighborhood, Republic of Korea, trajectory


J Community Psychol. 2019;47:1714–1732.

DOI: 10.1002/jcop.22226