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The Moderating Role of Parenting Style in the Relationship between Family Investment on Private...

The Moderating Role of Parenting Style in the Relationship between Family Investment on Private Education and Youth Academic Performance

Yoonsun Han | Department of Social Welfare, Seoul National University

Seonglim Lee | Department of Consumer and Family Sciences, Sungkyunkwan University


Although the quality of parent-youth interactions and the quantity of family investment in education are instrumental in determining youth educational outcomes, relationships among parenting behavior, private education expenditure, and youth academic performance have received relatively little attention. This issue is salient in Korea where private education significantly influences youths’ developmental experience and their wellbeing. This study aims to identify unique Korean parenting profiles and to understand the link between expenditure on private education and academic performance by analyzing the Korean Education and Employment Panel data of high school students (N = 1,244). Five parenting profiles (positive, ambivalent, neutral, apathetic, and harsh) were derived from six parenting practices (warmth, monitoring, rational explanation, excessive expectation, interference, and punishment) using latent profile analysis. Higher expenditure on education was linked with higher college scholastic aptitude test (CSAT) scores. However, this positive relationship between education expenditure and CSAT scores weakened youths living in harsh parenting environments. These results suggest that the relationship between family expenditure on private education and youth academic performance may not be uniform, but rather may be sensitive to the quality of family environments in which parent-youth interactions occur.

Key words : parenting style, expenditure on private education, academic performance, adolescents

Journal of Youth Welfare 2018, Vol. 20, No. 3, 69-95.

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